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Senin, 05 November 2012

M14 Rifle

M14 rifle, formally the United States Rifle, 7.62 mm, M14, is an American selective fire automatic rifle that fires 7.62×51mm NATO (.308 Winchester) ammunition. It was the standard issue U.S. rifle from 1959 to 1970. The M14 was used for U.S. Army and Marine Corps basic and advanced individual training, and was the standard issue infantry rifle for U.S. military personnel in the Contiguous United States, Europe, and South Korea, until it was replaced by the M16 rifle, in 1970. The rifle remains in limited front line service within all branches of the U.S. military. It is also used as a ceremonial weapon by honor guards, color guards, drill teams, ceremonial guards, and the like.

The M14 rifle was also the last American "battle rifle" (weapons that fire full-power rifle ammunition, such as the 7.62×51mm) issued in quantity to U.S. military personnel. The M14 also provides the basis for the M21 and M25 sniper rifles.

Early development

The M14 was developed from a long line of experimental weapons based upon the M1 rifle. Although the M1 was among the most advanced infantry rifles of the late 1930s, it was not a perfect weapon. Modifications were beginning to be made to the basic M1 rifle's design since the twilight of World War II. Changes included adding fully automatic firing capability and replacing the 8-round en bloc clips with a detachable box magazine holding 20 rounds. Winchester, Remington, and Springfield Armory's own John Garand offered different conversions. Garand's design, the T20, was the most popular, and T20 prototypes served as the basis for a number of Springfield test rifles from 1945 through the early 1950s.[citation needed]

T25 prototype

In 1945, Earle Harvey of Springfield Armory designed a completely different rifle, the T25, for the new T65 .30 Light Rifle cartridge at the direction of Col. Rene Studler, then serving in the Pentagon. In late 1945 the two men were transferred to Springfield Armory, where work on the T25 continued. The T-25 was designed to use the T65 service cartridge, a Frankford Arsenal design based upon .30-06 cartridge case used in the M1 service rifle, but shortened to the length of the .300 Savage case. Although shorter than the .30-06, with less powder capacity, the T65 cartridge retained the ballistics and energy of the .30-06 due to the use of a recently developed ball powder made by Olin Industries. After experimenting with several bullet designs, the T65 was finalized for adoption as the 7.62×51mm NATO cartridge. Olin Industries later marketed the cartridge on the commercial market as the commercial .308 Winchester round. After a series of revisions by Earle Harvey and other members of the .30 Light Rifle design group following the 1950 Ft. Benning tests, the T25 was renamed the T47.

In contrast, the T44 prototype service rifle was not principally designed by any single engineer at Springfield Armory, but rather was a conventional design developed on a shoestring budget as an alternative to the T47. With only minimal funds available, the earliest T44 prototypes simply used T20E2 receivers fitted with magazine filler blocks and re-barreled for 7.62mm NATO, with the long operating rod/piston of the M1 replaced by the T47's gas cut-off system. Lloyd Corbett, an engineer in Earle Harvey's rifle design group, added various refinements to the T44 design, including a straight operating rod and a bolt roller to reduce friction.

Infantry Board Service Rifle trials

The T44 participated in a competitive service rifle competition conducted by the Infantry Board at Ft. Benning, Georgia against the Springfield T47 (a modified T25) and Fabrique Nationale's "Fusil Automatique Leger" (French for "Light Automatic Rifle"), designated T48. The T47, which did not have a bolt roller and performed worse in dust and cold weather tests than either the T44 or the T48 was dropped from consideration in 1953. During 1952–53, testing proved the T48 and the T44 roughly comparable in performance, with the T48 holding an advantage in ease of field stripping and dust resistance, as well as a longer product development lead time. A Newsweek article in July 1953 hinted that the T48/FAL might be selected over the T44. During the winter of 1953–54, both rifles competed in the winter rifle trials at U.S. Army facilities in the Arctic. Springfield Armory engineers, anxious to ensure the selection of the T44, had been specially preparing and modifying the test T44 rifles for weeks with the aid of the Armory's Cold Chamber, including redesign of the T44 gas regulator and custom modifications to magazines and other parts to reduce friction and seizing in extreme cold. The T48 rifles received no such special preparation, and in the continued cold weather testing began to experience sluggish gas system functioning, aggravated by the T48's close-fitting surfaces between bolt and carrier, and carrier and receiver. FN engineers opened the gas ports in an attempt to improve functioning, but this caused early/violent extraction and broken parts as a result of the increased pressures. As a result, the T44 was ranked superior in cold weather operation to the T48 in cold weather operation. The Arctic Test Board report made it clear that the T48 needed improvement and that the U.S. would not adopt the T48 until it had successfully completed another round of Arctic tests the following winter.

In June 1954, funding was finally made available to manufacture newly fabricated T44 receivers specially designed for the shorter T65 cartridge. This one change to the T44 design saved a pound in rifle weight over that of the M1 Garand. Tests at Ft. Benning with the T44 and T48 continued through the summer and fall of 1956. By this time, the T48/FAL rifles had been so improved that malfunction rates were almost as low as the T44.

In the end, the T44 was selected over the T48/FAL primarily because of weight (the T44 was a pound lighter than the T48), simplicity (the T44 had fewer parts), the T44's self-compensating gas system, and the argument that the T44 could be manufactured on existing machinery built for the M1 rifle (a concept that later turned out to be unworkable). In 1957, the U.S. formally adopted the T44 as the U.S. infantry service rifle, designated M14. Despite the Army's trials, a Department of Defense study in 1958 determined the M14 to be "totally inferior" to the M1 Garand or the BAR. (i.e. the weapons it replaced)

Production contracts

Initial production contracts for the M14 were awarded to the Springfield Armory, Winchester, and Harrington & Richardson. Thompson-Ramo-Wooldridge Inc. (TRW) would later be awarded a production contract for the rifle as well.[13] 1,376,031 M-14 service rifles were produced from 1959 to 1964.

National Match M14

Springfield Armory produced 6,641 new M14 NM rifles in 1962 and 1963, while TRW produced 4,874 new M14 NM rifles in 1964. Springfield Armory later upgraded 2,094 M14 rifles in 1965 and 2,395 M14 rifles in 1966 to National Match specifications, while 2,462 M14 rifles were rebuilt to National Match standards in 1967 at the Rock Island Arsenal. A total of 11,130 National Match rifles were delivered by Springfield Armory, Rock Island Arsenal, and TRW during 1962-1967.

Production M14 rifles made by Springfield Armory and Winchester used forged receivers and bolts milled from AINSI 8620 steel, a low-carbon molybdenum-chromium steel. Harrington & Richardson M-14 production used AINSI 8620 steel as well, except for ten receivers milled from AINSI 1330 low-carbon steel and a single receiver made from high-nickel-content alloy steel.


Experimental T47 rifle

After the M14's adoption, Springfield Armory began tooling a new production line in 1958, delivering the first service rifles to the U.S. Army in July 1959. However, long production delays resulted in the 101st Airborne Division being the only unit in the Army fully equipped with the M14 by the end of 1961. The Fleet Marine Force finally completed the change from M1 to M14 in late 1962. Springfield Armory records reflect that M14 manufacture ended as TRW, fulfilling its second contract, delivered its final production increment in Fiscal Year 1965 (1 July '64 – 30 June '65). The Springfield archive also indicates the 1.38 million rifles were acquired for just over $143 million, for a unit cost of about $104.

A U.S. soldier with an M14 watches as supplies are dropped in Vietnam during 1967.

The rifle served adequately during its brief tour of duty in Vietnam. Though it was unwieldy in the thick brush due to its length and weight, the power of the 7.62 mm NATO cartridge allowed it to penetrate cover quite well and reach out to extended range, developing 2,470 ft·lbf (3,350 J) of muzzle energy. However, there were several drawbacks to the M14. The traditional wood stock of the rifle had a tendency to swell and expand in the heavy moisture of the jungle, adversely affecting accuracy. Fiberglass stocks were produced to resolve this problem, but the rifle was discontinued before very many could be distributed for field use. Also, because of the M14's powerful 7.62×51 mm cartridge, the weapon was deemed virtually uncontrollable in fully automatic mode, so most M14s were permanently set to semi-automatic fire only to avoid wasting ammunition in combat.

The M14 was developed as a means of taking the place of four different weapons systems—the M1 rifle, the M1 Carbine, the M3 "Grease Gun" and the M1918 Browning Automatic Rifle (BAR). It was thought that in this manner the M14 could simplify the logistical requirements of the troops by limiting the types of ammunition and parts needed to be supplied. It proved to be an impossible task to replace all four, and the weapon was even deemed "completely inferior" to the World War II M1 in a September 1962 report by the comptroller of the Department of Defense. The cartridge was too powerful for the submachine gun role and the weapon was simply too light to serve as a light machine gun replacement for the BAR.[citation needed] (The M60 machine gun better served this specific task.)

A rare M14 presentation model, serial #0010

The M14 remained the primary infantry weapon in Vietnam until it was replaced by the M16 in 1966–1967, though combat engineer units kept them several years longer. Further procurement of the M14 was abruptly halted in late 1963 due to the above mentioned Department of Defense report which had also stated that the AR-15 (soon to be M16) was superior to the M14 (DOD did not cancel FY 1963 orders not yet delivered). After the report, a series of tests and reports by the United States Department of the Army followed that resulted in the decision to cancel the M14. The M16 was then ordered as a replacement for the M14 by direction of Secretary of Defense Robert McNamara in 1964, over the objection of those Army officers who had backed the M14 (other factions within the Army research and development community had opposed the M14 and the 7.62×51 mm round from the start). Though production of the M14 was officially discontinued, some disgruntled troops managed to hang on to them while deriding the early model M16 as a frail and under-powered "Mattel toy" that was prone to jam. In late 1967, the U.S. Army designated the M16 as the "Standard A" rifle, and the M14 became a "Limited Standard" weapon. The M14 rifle remained the standard rifle for U.S. Army Basic Training and troops stationed in Europe until 1970.[citation needed]

The U.S. Army also converted several M14s into the M21 sniper rifle, which remained standard issue for this purpose until the adoption of the M24 SWS in 1988.

Post-1970 U.S. military service

An Army marksman in Fallujah, Iraq, using an M14 with a Leupold LR/T 10×40 mm M3.

In the mid-1990s, the Marine Corps chose a new rifle for DM use, an M14 modified by the Precision Weapons Shop in Marine Corps Base Quantico called the Designated Marksman Rifle (DMR). It is intended for use by security teams (SRTs, FAST companies), and Marine Scout Snipers in the cases where a semi-automatic rifle would be more appropriate than the standard bolt-action M40A1/A3 rifle. The USMC Rifle Team uses the M14 in shooting competitions. Although the M14 was phased out as the standard-issue rifle by 1970, M14 variants are still used by various branches of the U.S. Military as well as other armed forces, especially as a sniper rifle and as a designated marksman rifle, due to its excellent accuracy and effectiveness at long range. Special active units such as the OPFOR units of the Joint Readiness Training Center use M14s. Few M14s were in use in the Army until the Afghanistan and Iraq Wars. Since the start of these conflicts, many M14s have been employed as designated marksman and sniper rifles. These are not M21 rifles, but original production M14s. Common modifications include scopes, fiberglass stocks, and other accessories. A 2009 study conducted by the U.S. Army claimed that half of the engagements in Afghanistan occurred from beyond 300 meters (330 yd).[21] America’s 5.56x45 mm NATO service rifles are ineffective at these ranges; this has prompted the reissue of thousands of M14s.

A USMC Designated Marksman Rifle (DMR) in use

A Gunner's Mate using an M14 rifle to fire a shot line from the USS Carter Hall to USNS Lewis and Clark.

The 1st Battalion of the 3rd United States Infantry Regiment ("The Old Guard") in the Military District of Washington is the sole remaining regular United States Army combat field unit where the M14 is still issued as the standard rifle, along with a chromed bayonet and an extra wooden stock with white sling for military funerals, parades, and other ceremonies. The United States Air Force Honor Guard uses a version of the M14. The United States Navy Ceremonial Guard and Base Honor Guards also use the M14 for 3-volley salutes in military funerals. It is also the drill and parade rifle of the United States Military Academy, United States Naval Academy, United States Air Force Academy, The Citadel, Norwich University, Virginia Military Institute, and North Georgia College and State University. U.S. Navy ships carry several M14s in their armories. They are issued to sailors going on watch out on deck in port, and to Backup Alert Forces. The M14 is also used to shoot a large rubber projectile to another ship when underway to start the lines over for alongside refueling and replenishment.

A SEAL operator with an M14 rifle participating in maritime interdiction enforcement during Operation Desert Storm.

Various sniper variants have been used by the United States Navy SEALs, often mistaken with M21 in the overt literature, only one of them has received a standard name in the U.S. military designations system: the M25, developed by the Special Forces. These sniper variants have probably been replaced by the Mk 11 Mod 0, selected in 2000. SEALs also use the Mk 14 Mod 0 EBR (Enhanced Battle Rifle) for close-quarters battle and in a designated marksman role. "Delta Force" units are known to have used M14 sniper variants. According to Black Hawk Down: A Story of Modern War, the well-known account of the Battle of Mogadishu, at least one of the "D-Boys", Sergeant First Class Randy Shughart, used an M14 for sniping from helicopters to provide support fire to ground troops. His M14 was possibly fitted with an Aimpoint 3000 sight.[citation needed]

The U.S. Army Special Forces ("Green Berets") have made some use of the M25 "spotter rifle". The M25 was developed in the late 1980s within the 10th Special Forces Group, which was charged to support Special Forces sniper weapons as well as the Special Operations Target Interdiction Course (SOTIC). The M25 was first planned as a replacement for the old M21, but after the Army adoption of the M24 SWS as its standard sniper rifle, the M25 was intended to be used by spotters of the sniper teams, while the snipers would use the bolt-action M24. Tests had shown that the M24 and M25 have the same precision when using the same M118 ammunition.

Though the M14 has remained in service longer than any U.S. infantry rifle with the exception of the Springfield M1903 rifle, it also holds the distinction of serving as the standard infantry rifle of the U.S. Army for a shorter span of time than almost any other service rifle, staying as standard issue two years longer than the Springfield Model 1892-99.

Service with non-U.S. nations

The Philippine government issues M14 rifles, as well as M1 carbines, M1 rifles and M16 rifles, to their civilian defense forces and to various cadet corps in their service academies. The Greek Navy also uses the M14.

M14 production tooling was sold in 1967 to the Republic of China (Taiwan), who in 1968 began producing their Type 57 Rifle. The State Arsenal of the Republic of China produced over 1 million of these rifles from 1969 to the present under model numbers of M305 and M14S.

In China, Norinco and Poly Technologies have produced M14 variants in the past for export, which were sold in the United States prior to the enactment of the Violent Crime Control and Law Enforcement Act of 1994. They are currently being sold in Canada and New Zealand only. They have been marketed under the M14S and M305 names.

Rifle design

A U.S. soldier demonstrates shooting an M14 rifle to Iraqi Highway Patrol (IHP) police officers during training in Iraq, 2006.

Receiver markings

Stamped into receiver heel:
U.S. Rifle
7.62-MM M14
Springfield Armory (or commercial contractor name)
Serial number


The M14 rifle was first furnished with a walnut stock, then with birch and finally with a synthetic stock. Original equipment walnut and birch stocks carry the Department of Defense acceptance stamp or cartouche (an arc of three stars above a spread-winged eagle). These stocks also carried a proof stamp, a P within a circle, applied after successful test-firing.

Rifles manufactured through late 1960 were provided with walnut handguards. Thereafter synthetic, slotted (ventilated) hand guards were furnished but proved too fragile for military use. These were replaced by the solid synthetic part still in use, usually in dark brown, black or a camouflage pattern.


An International Security Assistance Force soldier scans for activity during a combat patrol in Afghanistan, 2009.

Standard M14 rifling has right-hand twist in 1:12 inches with 4 grooves.


Although M14 rifle production ended in 1964, the limited standard status of the weapon resulted in the continued manufacture of accessories and spare parts into the late 1960s and beyond.
M6 bayonet with M8A1 sheath
M2 Bandolier
Sling [one-piece cotton or nylon webbing or M1907 (two-piece leather)]
Cleaning kit (butt-trap) included a combination tool, ratchet chamber brush, plastic lubricant case, brass bore brush, four cleaning rod sections, cleaning rod case, and a cleaning rod patch-holding tip.
M5 winter trigger and winter safety
M12 blank firing attachment and M3 breech shield
Cartridge clip (five cartridges) and magazine filler for charging magazines
M1961 ammunition magazine pouch
M2 bipod
M79 grenade launcher
M15 grenade launcher sight
Mk 87 Mod 0/1 line (rope) throwing kit

Types of sights
Rear peep, front blade, metric
Rear National Match peep with hood, front National Match blade, metric


Jangan Meniup Makanan dan Minuman yang Masih Panas

Jangan Meniup Makanan dan Minuman Yang masih Panas – Biasanya ketika kita makan makanan atau minuman yang panas maka kita meniupnya agar makanan atau minuman yang masuk ke mulut kita menjadi dingin. Hal ini dapat berisiko terhadap kesehatan kita dikarenakan makanan atau minuman yang masih panas tersebut akan mengeluarkan uap air yang mana kita tahu uap air adalah H2O(aq).

Jika kita meniupnya, maka kita akan mengeluarkan gas CO2 dari dalam mulut. menurut reaksi kimia, apabila uap air bereaksi dengan karbondioksida akan membentuk senyawa asam karbonat (carbonic acid) yang bersifat asam.

H2O + CO2 => H2CO3
Perlu kita tahu bahwa didalam darah itu terdapat H2CO3 yang berguna untuk mengatur pH (tingkat keasaman) di dalam darah. Darah adalah Buffer (larutan yang dapat mempertahankan pH) dengan asam lemahnya berupa H2CO3 dan dengan basa konjugasinya berupa HCO3- sehingga darah memiliki pH sebesar 7,35 – 7,45 dengan reaksi sebagai berikut: CO2 + H20 HCO3- + H+

Tubuh menggunakan penyangga pH (buffer) dalam darah sebagai pelindung terhadap perubahan yang terjadi secara tiba-tiba dalam pH darah. Adanya kelainan pada mekanisme pengendalian pH tersebut, bisa menyebabkan salah satu dari 2 kelainan utama dalam keseimbangan asam basa, yaitu asidosis atau alkalosis.
Asidosis adalah suatu keadaan dimana darah terlalu banyak mengandung asam (atau terlalu sedikit mengandung basa) dan sering menyebabkan menurunnya pH darah.

Sedangkan Alkalosis adalah suatu keadaan dimana darah terlalu banyak mengandung basa (atau terlalu sedikit mengandung asam) dan kadang menyebabkan meningkatnya pH darah.
Kembali lagi ke permasalahan awal, dimana makanan kita tiup, lalu karbondioksida dari mulut kita akan berikatan dengan uap air dari makanan dan menghasilkan asam karbonat yang akan mempengaruhi tingkat keasaman dalam darah kita sehingga akan menyebabkan suatu keadaan dimana darah kita akan menjadi lebih asam dari seharusnya sehingga pH dalam darah menurun, keadaan ini lebih dikenal dengan istilah asidosis.
Seiring dengan menurunnya pH darah, pernafasan menjadi lebih dalam dan lebih cepat sebagai usaha tubuh untuk menurunkan kelebihan asam dalam darah dengan cara menurunkan jumlah karbon dioksida.
Pada akhirnya, ginjal juga berusaha mengkompensasi keadaan tersebut dengan cara mengeluarkan lebih banyak asam dalam air kemih.

Tetapi kedua mekanisme tersebut tidak akan berguna jika tubuh terus menerus menghasilkan terlalu banyak asam, sehingga terjadi asidosis berat. Sejalan dengan memburuknya asidosis, penderita mulai merasakan kelelahan yang luar biasa, rasa mengantuk, semakin mual dan mengalami kebingungan. Bila asidosis semakin memburuk, tekanan darah dapat turun, menyebabkan syok, koma dan bahkan kematian.

M1 Garand

M1 Garand adalah senapan semi-otomatis pertama yang dijadikan senapan standar untuk infanteri. Senapan ini menggunakan peluru kaliber .30-06 Springfield. Senapan M1 Garand menggantikan senapan Springfield M1903 sebagai senapan standar militer Amerika Serikat pada tahun 1936. Kemudian senapan ini digantikan oleh senapan jenis M14 pada tahun 1957.

Senapan ini banyak digunakan pada Perang Dunia II dan Perang Korea. Pada Perang Vietnam tidak seberapa banyak lagi pemakaian jenis senjata ini. Mayoritas M1 Garand dipakai oleh tentara Amerika Serikat, tapi ada juga yang dipinjamkan ke negara lain contohnya Indonesia yang ikut memakai senapan ini bagi bataliyon infanterinya. Pihak TNI juga sempat beberapa waktu yang lalu meminjam pakaikan senapan M1 Garand ini pada Departemen Kehakiman RI khususnya Lembaga Pemasyarakatan pada era pemerintahan Presiden Soeharto. Namun sekitar awal tahun 2000 senjata ini ditarik kembali oleh TNI dari semua jajaran kantor Lembaga Pemasyarakatan.


Senapan M1 dikembangkan oleh Springfield Armory, dan didesain oleh John Garand. Prototipnya mulai disempurnakan pada tahun 1930an. Walaupun sudah secara resmi diadopsi pada tahun 1932, M1 Garand baru dipakai pada tahun 1936, atas perintah langsung dari Jendral Douglas MacArthur.

Springfield Armory mulai memproduksi senapan ini pada akhir 1930an dan terus menambah jumlah produksi pada tahun 1940 sampai 1945. Dengan pecahnya Perang Dunia II, Winchester Repeating Arms Company juga diberi kontrak untuk memproduksi M1 Garand. Angkatan Darat Inggris juga sempat melirik M1 Garand untuk menggantikan Lee-Enfield No.1 Mk III, tapi dibatalkan karena M1 gagal dalam tes.

Kemampuan M1 Garand untuk menembak secara semi-otomatis memberi keuntungan yang signifikan di medan perang. Tentara Jerman dan Jepang lebih banyak memakai senapan kokang manual atau sering disebut Bolt Action. Senapan ini kemudian dikenal sebagi "senapan semi-otomatis pertama yang digunakan oleh militer Amerika Serikat", dan Jenderal George S. Patton pun mengakui kehebatan senapan ini dengan mengatakan bahwa senapan ini adalah "Alat tempur paling hebat yang pernah diciptakan". Keunggulan M1 inilah yang mendorong pihak Sekutu dan Axis untuk memproduksi dan mengembangkan senapan yang memiliki kemampuan tembak semi-otomatis dan full-otomatis.

M1 Garand terbukti sebagai senapan yang handal dalam pemakaiannya pada Perang Dunia II dan Perang Korea. Jepang pun mengembangkan desain tiruannya menjelang akhir Perang Dunia II, tapi belum sempat mencapai tahap produksi. Tahun 1957, M1 Garand digantikan oleh senapan M14. Walau begitu, M1 Garand masih dipakai di Perang Vietnam pada tahun 1963. Senapan M1 Garand akhirnya digantikan seluruhnya pada tahun 1965.

Senjata Jepang Perand Dunia II

Senjata Jepang Saat Perang Dunia 2
Tentara Jepang pada masa perang dunia 2 dikenal karena kekejaman dan keberanianya. Mereka sangat loyal pada negaranya, bahkan tidak segan untuk mengorbankan nyawa dalam pertempuran. Senjata2 yang digunakan oleh infantri jepang pada perang dunia 2 merupakan produksi dalam negeri, dan mulai diproduksi secara masal pada tahun 1920an sejalan dengan revolusi militer yang dilakukan oleh kekaisaran jepang saat itu. Berikut ini ane sajikan daftar lengkap senjata-senjata yang digunakan infantri jepang pada masa perang dunia 2, spesial untuk kaskuser semua

Imperial japanese army
Infantry weapon
 1. Bayonet
Type 30 bayonet didesain sebagai attachment untuk senapan type 38 rifle dan arisaka type 99 rifle. diproduksi dari tahun 1897 sampai 1945. memiliki panjang mata pisau sepanjang 16 inch.

2. Sidearms / pistols
 Type 26 revolver :
type 26 merupakan pistol modern pertama yang di adopsi oleh tentara kekaisaran jepang. pertama kali diproduksi pada tahun 1893. memiliki silinder berkapasitas 6 peluru. dengan teknologi pada masa itu yang terbatas, menyebabkan pistol ini masih memiliki akurasi yang sangat rendah
Nambu pistol:

Nambu adalah pistol semi otomatis pertama jepang yang mulai digunakan sejak 1906. ukuran kaliber 8mm dan daya jangkau efektif sejauh 20 meter. memiliki box magazine berisi 8 peluru. ukuran kalibernya yang kecil (8 mm) menyebabkan pistol ini lemah dan tidak sebanding dengan pistol tentara barat yang memiliki kaliber lebih besar. Namun demikian pistol ini cukup akurat.
Type 94 8 mm Pistol:
type 94 adalah pistol semi otomatis yang ringan dengan berat hanya 1 pound, 11 ounce. Pistol ini mulai diproduksi tahun 1934 untuk memperkuat militer jepang pada saat memasuki masa perang dunia 2. Dengan kaliber 8×22 mm pistol ini ringan dan mudah di gunakan, memiliki firing power serta akurasi yang cukup baik. memiliki detachable box magazines berkapasitas 6 peluru.

3. Rifles / Carbines
 arisaka type 99:
arisaka type 99 ini cukup populer selama masa perang dunia 2, dan digunakan secara luas oleh tentara jepang sebagai senapan standar. Dengan body yang terbuat dari kayu, beratnya sekitar 3,7 kg. meiliki kaliber 7,7mm, akurasi nya cukup baik. sebagai atachmment, dilengkapkan bayonet type 30 sepanjang 16 inch membuat senjata ini sangat mematikan bila dugunakan untuk menusuk lawan

type 97 sniper rifle:
type 97 adalah bolt actions sniper rifle yang dilengkapi 2.5 power telescopic sight. Mulai diproduksi tahun 1937. ketika ditembakan, kaliber 6.5x50mm nya hanya menghasilkan sedikit kilatan dan asap, alhasil sangat menyulitkan musuh untuk mendekteksi keberadaan sniper, menjadikan type 97 senapan sniper yang mematikan

4. Submachine guns & light machine guns
 type 100 sub machine guns:
Jepang terlambat mengimplementasikan sub machine guns terhadap angkatan bersenjatanya. sebelumnya jepang menggunakan SIG Bergman 1920 buatan Switzerland untuk pasukan marinir nya dalam invasi ke china. Type 100 adalah sub machine guns pertama buatan jepang yang baru diproduksi tahun 1942, menjelang berakhirnya perang dunia. senjata ini mampu menembakan 800 peluru per menit dengan velocity 335 meter per detik

type 96 Light Machine Gun:
type 96 light machine gun merupakan penyempurnaan dari pendahulunya, yaitu type 11 light machine gun. Sama seperti pendahulunya, senjata yang mulai diproduksi tahun 1936 ini masih menggunakan teknologi air-cooled dan gas operated, juga kaliber yang sama, yaitu 6.5x50mm. Perbedaanya ada pada teknologi input peluru, yang telah menggunakan detachable box magazine, sehingga maningkatkan reliability dan akurasi. senjata ini menembakan 550 peluru per menit dengan velocity 735 meter per detik

5. Heavy Machine gun
 Type 92 Heavy machine gun:
Type 92 adalah heavy machine gun yang dipakai secara luas oleh tentara jepang sejak tahun 1932. senjata ini diletakan diatas sebuah tripod, dan dioperasikan oleh 3 orang kru. Kaliber 7.7mm nya mampu memuntahkan 450 peluru dalam satu menit dengan velocity 732 meter per detik. Jarak jangkau maksimum 2.5 km. jarak jangkau efektif 800 m.

6. Special weapon
 type 100 flamethrower:
Type 100 flamethrower didesain untuk menyempurnakan versi sebelumnya, type 93 flamethrower. mulai digunakan pada tahun 1940. type 100 memiliki 3 tabung berukuran 5×6 inch. 2 diantaranya berisi bahan bakar yang merupakan campuran gasoline dan tar, sedangkan 1 tabung berisi nitrogen. total kapasitas bahan bakar sebesar 12.3 liter. Berat keseluruhan 26 kg. Senjata ini mampu menyemburkan api dengan jangkauan maksimum 27 meter.